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posted by: LIT First Aid on: March 04, 2020

Photo by Burst


Since the first reported case of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on December 31, 2019—the world has had its eyes on the growing outbreak. Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that can cause mild to severe diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). The novel coronavirus, which is now sweeping the globe, is a new strain not yet previously identified in humans. 


With the overwhelming media and public attention comes many misconceptions and myths that lead to unnecessary fear and improper care. Here's what you need to know about COVID-19 and how to protect yourself.


This new coronavirus strain was first identified in Wuhan, China and has spread to all continents except Antarctica, affecting 93,191 people and has lead to 3,203 deaths—with the majority of those deaths taking place in China. 


COVID-19 symptoms include fever, fatigue, and dry cough, while some patients may experience aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. 


However, 50,984 who were infected have fully recovered from the disease. According to the World Health Organization, "Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment." Elderly people and those with underlying health problems are more likely to develop severe illness. 


How to protect yourself:

  1. Regularly wash your hands and sing "Happy Birthday" twice, which should be about 20 seconds - long enough to kill viruses on your hands.
  2. Keep at least 1 to 2 metres away from any person coughing or sneezing—to avoid small droplets that may contain the COVID-19 virus.
  3. Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth. Your hands may pick up the virus and transfer it into your body through those orifices. 
  4. Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Make sure to cough or sneeze into a bent elbow or tissue to prevent +any droplets that carry the virus, flu or cold from passing on to people around you. 
  5. Stay home if you feel unwell. While you may
  6. Stay informed on the latest updates. Do note this is a fluid and changing situation, be sure to refer to reputable sources like the WHO for the most accurate and up-to-date information. 

For those who are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19, stay home and avoid contact with others and visits to medical facilities. Call in advance and tell your medical provider of any recent travel or contact with travellers. Before going to a clinic to get tested, also call ahead to help them prepare for your visit. 

If the situation exacerbates, it is important to stay informed and prepared. From COVID-19 to household injury, learning basic first aid can help prepare you for quick decision-making, knowing the appropriate measures and resources, and learning how to best conduct yourself in a potentially life-threatening situation. Sign-up for the L.I.T. First Aid and Lifeguard Training courses to learn important skills from basic first aid to emergency first aid and CPR.

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