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posted by: LIT First Aid on: June 01, 2021

Image by: Jens Kreuter


Heat stroke, or sunstroke, is a condition where the body becomes overheated. It is usually caused by prolonged exposure to the sun, which is why it’s more common in the summertime. And with COVID-19, more people are choosing to spend time outdoors than ever before. As a result, the risk of heat stroke is even higher this year. To ensure you stay safe (and cool) while spending time outdoors, follow the tips below. 


Limit Your Exposure to the Sun

The number one tip to avoid heat stroke? Limit your exposure to the sun. It’s as simple as that. During the hot summer months, spending too much time outdoors can negatively affect your body. So during the hottest hours of the day, usually between 11:00 am and 5:00 pm, it’s a good idea to stay indoors as much as possible. If you do choose to spend time outside, protect yourself by wearing sunscreen, a hat, sunglasses, and lightweight clothing (more on that below). 


Drink Plenty of Fluids

Staying hydrated is key to avoiding heat stroke. Drinking plenty of fluids (namely, water) helps your body sweat and maintain a normal body temperature.


Wear Loose, Lightweight Clothing

Believe it or not, the type of clothing you wear can impact your body’s ability to cool down. Tight, heavy clothing or wearing excess clothing won’t allow your body to cool down properly. To avoid inhibiting your body’s natural ability to cool off, opt for loose, lightweight, light-coloured clothing items. 


Avoid Strenuous Activity During the Hottest Part of the Day

When temperatures are highest and when the sun’s UV rays are at their peak, it’s best to take it easy. This means don’t plan to go for a run at 3:00 pm in the afternoon. Instead, if you’re engaging in strenuous activities, such as sports or other forms of exercise, try and do so early in the morning or in the evening while the sun is setting.


Keep Your Living Area Cool

Heat stroke doesn’t just occur when you’ve spent time outside, it can also happen indoors during especially hot months of the year or during heatwaves. That is why keeping your living area cool is just as important as any of the other tips on this list. To keep your living area cool, open windows, turn fans on, and close curtains during the day. If possible, turn on your air conditioner, even if just for a couple of hours to cool off. 


Stay safe this summer and avoid heat stroke by following the advice above. In the event that you or someone you know gets heat stroke, learning basic first aid can help. Sign up for the L.I.T. First Aid and Lifeguard Training courses to learn important first aid skills and CPR.

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